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Lee-Jackson Day is a state holiday in Virginia, the United States, to remember two of the Civil War’s Confederate leaders – Robert E Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. It is annually celebrated on the Friday before Martin Luther King Day.
Lee-Jackson Day is part of a four-day weekend for many people in Virginia, as the following Monday is Martin Luther King Day. The long weekend gives people the chance to catch up with family and friends, go on short breaks, or rest and unwind from work or studies. The day’s theme is a controversial topic of debate among some groups.
Lee-Jackson Day is a state holiday in Virginia so state offices are closed. Many schools and businesses (eg. stores) are open. Those planning on travelling in the state will need to check with their local transport authorities on possible amendments to public transport timetables on this day.
Lee-Jackson Day honors Confederate leaders Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (1824-1863). General Lee led the military and naval forces during the Civil War until he surrendered to General Ulysses Grant in 1865, which marked the end of the war. Thomas Jackson’s greatest victory was when he led his troops around the Union right flank at Chancellorsville to route the 11th Corps. However, he was wounded and died eight days later on May 10, 1863.
Virginia began observing Lee’s birthday on January 19 in 1889. Jackson’s remembrance was added to the holiday in 1904. Martin Luther King Day became a federal holiday on January 15 in 1983, which was close to Lee-Jackson Day. The days were combined in Virginia (known then as Lee-Jackson-King Day) until 2000 when they became separate holidays. It was arranged so that Lee-Jackson Day was to be held on the Friday before Martin Luther King Day.